Having looked at the 2019 pass rates of Richmond’s elementary schools, let’s turn to the middle schools.
Note: The Board of Education has designed its SOL reporting to discriminate against Richmond and other divisions with large populations of economically disadvantaged (“ED”) students. Those students underperform their more affluent peers (“Not ED”) by about 20 points on average. As a result, the SOL averages for divisions such as Richmond (ca. 2/3 ED) are lowered relative to divisions with similar ED and Not ED pass rates but fewer ED students. Fortunately, the database provides both ED and Not ED pass rates.
We’ll start with the 6th grade reading pass rates for the Not ED (more affluent) students.
Henderson is blank on this graph because its small number of Not ED students tested triggered the suppression rule (<10 Not ED students tested at this grade level). All we can say about that school is that nearly all the 6th Grade students are ED.
Franklin is unusual in that it has both middle- and high school grades. I’ve included Franklin here because the by-grade data cut out any effect of the high school grades. All the same, Franklin is a selective school so its numbers don’t compare directly to the mainstream middle schools.
Aside from Franklin, only Hill beat the state average. Binford handily beat the nominal benchmark for English accreditation (75%). The Not ED students of the remaining schools failed at either bad or catastrophic rates.
As to the ED students, only Franklin broke 50% on the 6th grade reading tests.
Turning to the seventh grade:
This time MLK replaced Henderson in the clutches of the suppression rule. Elkhardt-Thompson and Boushall stayed in the race to the cellar, joined there by Henderson.
As to the ED students, Franklin led the pack. Otherwise, only Brown and Hill broke 50%.
The 8th grade data were another chorus of the same distressing song.
The math data were even more disturbing.
Turning to the school averages we lose Franklin: The database will not give an average over just the middle school students there.
On the reading tests we see Not ED students did well at Hill and Binford.
None of the other schools made the nominal benchmark for accreditation.
No school did well with its ED students.
In terms of the Not ED/ED differences, Hill and Binford did a Munford: Despite excellent Not ED numbers, the ED pass rates were unusually low.
The other schools produced unusually small Not ED/ED differences and the Boushall numbers are anomalous, with the ED students outscoring the Not ED.
Turning to the Not ED math data, we see Hill did well again while Binford performed at the margin and the other schools languished in failure.
The ED math numbers were even worse than the reading, with no school breaking 50%.
The Not ED/ED differences were similar to those on the reading tests with Hill’s ED underperformance even more exaggerated, Binford’s less so, and Boushall again an anomaly.
In light of these data, it is no mystery why Richmond’s enrollment drops over 15% between the 5th and 6th grades.
Stay tuned for the high school numbers.