Absent in Richmond (and Elsewhere)

I noticed the other day that VDOE collects, but does not report, the number of unexcused absences.

I asked the always helpful Chuck Pyle whether those data were available and he sent me the spreadsheet for 2016. 

Here, from those data, is the distribution of unexcused absences per student.

image

Richmond is the gold bar; Lynchburg is blue.  The red, from the left, are Norfolk, Newport News, and Hampton.  The graph does not show the twenty-nine divisions that reported zero unexcused absences or Virginia Beach, which averaged 0.0.

That 7.1 datum for Richmond (2.6 times the state average) is 0.1 beyond a magic number: Virginia law requires that the division prosecute the parents or file a CHINS petition for any student with seven unexcused absences.  The average tells us that either Richmond was required to file on every student or, more likely, that some students were running up far more than seven absences, court action or not. 

In any case, there can be no good explanation (and no excuse) for this number.

Charles City and Petersburg are among the twenty-nine divisions that reported zero unexcused absences.  If you believe that datum from Petersburg, I have a nice bridge in Brooklyn you might like to buy.

Here is the entire dataset.






Div Name Membership Unex. Abs. Abs./Member
Greensville County  2590 37190 14.4
Sussex County  1127 11834 10.5
Norfolk City  32180 271164 8.4
Brunswick County  1780 14318 8.0
Montgomery County  9950 78479 7.9
Dickenson County  2296 16370 7.1
Richmond City  23909 169104 7.1
Nottoway County  2232 15713 7.0
Bristol City  2473 16619 6.7
Essex County  1510 9905 6.6
Accomack County  5412 34195 6.3
Buena Vista City  1038 5843 5.6
Westmoreland County  1749 9699 5.5
Prince Edward County  2137 11846 5.5
Russell County  4033 22334 5.5
Amelia County  1877 10187 5.4
Spotsylvania County  24336 130638 5.4
Surry County  846 4496 5.3
Portsmouth City  15349 80763 5.3
Northumberland County  1347 7078 5.3
Alexandria City  15509 76581 4.9
Dinwiddie County  4643 22670 4.9
Cumberland County  1378 6656 4.8
Wise County  6086 28873 4.7
Prince George County  6882 32262 4.7
Northampton County  1678 7748 4.6
Hopewell City  4420 20388 4.6
King William County  2326 10637 4.6
Colonial Beach  638 2877 4.5
Waynesboro City  3271 14354 4.4
Lunenburg County  1596 6905 4.3
Martinsville City  2272 9772 4.3
Suffolk City  14800 63527 4.3
Staunton City  2806 11515 4.1
Norton City  862 3484 4.0
Williamsburg-James City County  11803 47222 4.0
Stafford County  28899 115121 4.0
Prince William County  90610 359689 4.0
Goochland County  2610 10311 4.0
Lynchburg City  8724 34403 3.9
Middlesex County  1280 4975 3.9
Galax City  1381 5156 3.7
Manassas Park City  3659 13592 3.7
Newport News City  29429 108587 3.7
Smyth County  4629 16894 3.6
Franklin City  1180 4284 3.6
Southampton County  2827 9907 3.5
Hampton City  21256 74419 3.5
Mecklenburg County  4511 15679 3.5
Buckingham County  2039 7081 3.5
Colonial Heights City  2960 10158 3.4
Warren County  5635 19337 3.4
Amherst County  4262 14495 3.4
Nelson County  2011 6771 3.4
Salem City  3946 13055 3.3
Patrick County  2977 9825 3.3
Henry County  7441 24418 3.3
Mathews County  1132 3681 3.3
Craig County  663 2149 3.2
Manassas City  7927 24736 3.1
Chesapeake City  41479 129143 3.1
Appomattox County  2316 7000 3.0
York County  13231 39161 3.0
Augusta County  10592 31349 3.0
Floyd County  2087 6140 2.9
Culpeper County  8395 24067 2.9
Halifax County  5292 14983 2.8
Bath County  575 1626 2.8
Washington County  7452 20777 2.8
King George County  4509 12026 2.7
Poquoson City  2173 5754 2.6
Franklin County  7379 18963 2.6
Louisa County  5019 12833 2.6
Rockingham County  11809 28289 2.4
Shenandoah County  6148 14493 2.4
Clarke County  2040 4697 2.3
Isle of Wight County  5664 13030 2.3
Pulaski County  4424 9943 2.2
Grayson County  1749 3843 2.2
New Kent County  3138 6828 2.2
Greene County  3271 6826 2.1
Fairfax County  189296 382824 2.0
Radford City  1689 3313 2.0
Powhatan County  4364 8399 1.9
Arlington County  25538 47840 1.9
Henrico County  52752 97695 1.9
Frederick County  13684 24324 1.8
Wythe County  4290 7552 1.8
Chesterfield County  61376 106859 1.7
Loudoun County  77452 134695 1.7
Campbell County  8140 13583 1.7
Roanoke County  14638 24176 1.7
Fauquier County  11437 17521 1.5
West Point  794 1081 1.4
Bedford County  10144 13776 1.4
Albemarle County  14000 13517 1.0
Rockbridge County  2850 2644 0.9
Fredericksburg City  3611 2674 0.7
Orange County  5174 2844 0.5
Falls Church City  2574 1325 0.5
Hanover County  18280 2171 0.1
Virginia Beach City  71772 219 0
Alleghany County  2337 0 0
Bland County  830 0 0
Botetourt County  4853 0 0
Buchanan County  3012 0 0
Caroline County  4509 0 0
Carroll County  3941 0 0
Charles City County  740 0 0
Charlotte County  1933 0 0
Charlottesville City  4414 0 0
Covington City  1020 0 0
Danville City  6413 0 0
Fluvanna County  3629 0 0
Giles County  2515 0 0
Gloucester County  5663 0 0
Harrisonburg City  6081 0 0
Highland County  206 0 0
King and Queen County  901 0 0
Lancaster County  1200 0 0
Lee County  3200 0 0
Lexington City  510 0 0
Madison County  1831 0 0
Page County  3457 0 0
Petersburg City  4328 0 0
Pittsylvania County  9325 0 0
Rappahannock County  916 0 0
Richmond County  1307 0 0
Roanoke City  13910 0 0
Scott County  3701 0 0
Tazewell County  6236 0 0
Winchester City  4636 0 0
Total 1311280 3552772 2.71