Spending More But Not Teaching More

As we have seen, some Virginia school divisions spend a lot more than others but the spending does not correlate with SOL performance.  On the 2014 data, an analysis of the excess “expenditures and appropriations designated to meet [the] required local effort in support of the Standards of Quality” produced the same result.

VDOE now has published the 2015 RLE data.  The estimable Jim Bacon yesterday posted an initial look at those data, which prompted me to take a more detailed look.

Note: Jim Weigand points out that these are 2014 RLE data, NOT 2015.  Sigh.  If I hadn’t screwed this up, I’d be wondering at length why it takes VDOE over a year and a half to post the ‘14 data.

Details: Accomack is missing from the RLE report and is omitted here.  The RLE report shows separate data for Emporia and Greensville County, Fairfax City and County, and Williamsburg and James City County; the SOL data, however, combine those three pairs.  I have omitted Emporia, Greensville, Williamsburg, and JCC; Fairfax City and County have nearly the same RLE (about 129% excess each) and the County is large enough to swamp the City data in any case so I used the County RLE and City+County SOL pass rate. 

With those adjustments, here are the 2015 division reading pass rates vs. the 2015 local expenditures for operations above the RLE.

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The fitted line suggests that tripling the RLE increases the pass rate by about 4% but the 1.8% R2 tells us that the pass rate and excess expenditure are essentially uncorrelated.

Richmond is the gold square; from the left, the red diamonds are Hampton, Norfolk, and Newport News.

The Big Spenders out there are Sussex (221% excess, 72% pass rate) and West Point (218%, 94%).

And here are the data for the other four tests and the five subject average:

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Here, with the omissions noted above, are the five subject data.  I made the lower case entries in the RLE list to force it to sort the same as the SOL list.

  XS RLE 5 Subject Average
ALBEMARLE 140.25% 81.3%
ALEXANDRIA 183.58% 70.9%
ALLEGHANY 180.40% 76.9%
AMELIA 44.58% 77.8%
AMHERST 94.26% 79.2%
APPOMATTOX 15.34% 81.6%
ARLINGTON 193.87% 86.4%
AUGUSTA 77.48% 80.6%
BATH 118.81% 79.0%
BEDFORD 87.24% 79.8%
BLAND 38.08% 77.6%
BOTETOURT 132.86% 89.4%
BRISTOL 44.94% 80.5%
BRUNSWICK 17.81% 68.1%
BUCHANAN 73.69% 75.1%
BUCKINGHAM 37.03% 76.5%
BUENA VISTA 63.02% 68.7%
CAMPBELL 112.60% 80.9%
CAROLINE 36.65% 73.7%
CARROLL 102.29% 79.3%
CHARLES CITY 95.38% 75.8%
CHARLOTTE 34.84% 84.1%
CHARLOTTESVILLE 154.45% 76.0%
CHESAPEAKE 114.57% 85.5%
CHESTERFIELD 82.30% 82.7%
CLARKE 101.54% 81.3%
COLONIAL BEACH 64.95% 77.1%
COLONIAL HEIGHTS 171.97% 83.2%
COVINGTON 152.31% 75.7%
CRAIG 39.00% 82.4%
CULPEPER 60.11% 78.9%
CUMBERLAND 69.99% 68.8%
DANVILLE 88.81% 67.7%
DICKENSON 63.43% 77.6%
DINWIDDIE 70.52% 74.0%
ESSEX 49.29% 66.4%
FAIRFAX 127.86% 85.5%
FALLS CHURCH 170.65% 92.0%
FAUQUIER 112.23% 83.1%
FLOYD 45.87% 79.7%
FLUVANNA 65.86% 81.6%
FRANKLIN CITY 102.95% 75.1%
FRANKLIN co 64.35% 82.2%
FREDERICK 124.29% 78.9%
FREDERICKSBURG 134.11% 76.8%
GALAX 70.74% 77.9%
GILES 43.03% 80.5%
GLOUCESTER 98.21% 81.9%
GOOCHLAND 59.77% 85.4%
GRAYSON 38.09% 78.1%
GREENE 73.40% 77.7%
HALIFAX 34.36% 72.4%
HAMPTON 88.31% 74.3%
HANOVER 58.92% 86.6%
HARRISONBURG 102.25% 74.2%
HENRICO 69.50% 79.7%
HENRY 39.17% 78.4%
HIGHLAND 23.29% 78.3%
HOPEWELL 73.16% 69.4%
ISLE OF WIGHT 68.85% 84.5%
KING and QUEEN 73.63% 77.6%
KING GEORGE 53.80% 81.2%
KING WILLIAM 100.45% 83.6%
LANCASTER 77.00% 66.9%
LEE 9.93% 77.8%
LEXINGTON 52.26% 88.2%
LOUDOUN 138.33% 88.0%
LOUISA 69.69% 83.3%
LUNENBURG 24.07% 75.2%
LYNCHBURG 103.34% 68.9%
MADISON 136.20% 77.7%
MANASSAS 172.35% 75.1%
MANASSAS PARK 102.57% 74.3%
MARTINSVILLE 111.14% 62.2%
MATHEWS 58.44% 80.2%
MECKLENBURG 29.19% 75.9%
MIDDLESEX 35.60% 82.8%
MONTGOMERY 79.77% 83.1%
NELSON 101.51% 78.1%
NEW KENT 81.64% 85.2%
NEWPORT NEWS 110.30% 72.6%
NORFOLK 90.52% 72.3%
NORTHAMPTON 31.46% 69.4%
NORTHUMBERLAND 56.26% 76.9%
NORTON 47.40% 81.0%
NOTTOWAY 27.39% 74.1%
ORANGE 63.27% 80.3%
PAGE 64.59% 76.5%
PATRICK 11.02% 79.7%
PETERSBURG 44.37% 60.4%
PITTSYLVANIA 22.77% 82.9%
POQUOSON 97.70% 89.5%
PORTSMOUTH 85.72% 74.3%
POWHATAN 107.65% 84.6%
PRINCE EDWARD 95.62% 71.2%
PRINCE GEORGE 45.02% 81.2%
PRINCE WILLIAM 98.56% 82.3%
PULASKI 65.25% 77.5%
RADFORD 83.96% 76.6%
RAPPAHANNOCK 76.17% 80.6%
RICHMOND CITY 90.30% 61.2%
RICHMOND co 76.54% 80.3%
ROANOKE CITY 132.74% 75.9%
ROANOKE co 103.62% 87.7%
ROCKBRIDGE 82.02% 80.9%
ROCKINGHAM 138.87% 83.8%
RUSSELL 29.03% 80.9%
SALEM 142.76% 87.5%
SCOTT 13.33% 86.0%
SHENANDOAH 84.78% 77.4%
SMYTH 44.66% 77.2%
SOUTHAMPTON 68.22% 82.5%
SPOTSYLVANIA 120.89% 80.6%
STAFFORD 123.97% 84.8%
STAUNTON 88.40% 75.3%
SUFFOLK 66.41% 76.3%
SURRY 136.52% 77.5%
SUSSEX 221.04% 76.1%
TAZEWELL 8.84% 84.0%
VIRGINIA BEACH 120.91% 84.0%
WARREN 83.74% 78.1%
WASHINGTON 108.98% 83.6%
WAYNESBORO 120.38% 71.0%
WEST POINT 217.53% 94.5%
WESTMORELAND 54.40% 75.1%
WINCHESTER 134.37% 75.0%
WISE 101.67% 88.9%
WYTHE 64.87% 80.2%
YORK 80.51% 88.0%